Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Home About us Ahead of print Current issue Back issues Subscribe Instructions Contact Login 
Wide layoutNarrow layoutPrint this page  Email this page Bookmark this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 287-291

Detection of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa by phenotypic and genotypic methods in a tertiary care hospital of East India

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Baijayantimala Mishra
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar - 751 019, Odisha
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JLP.JLP_136_19

Rights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a serious threat in hospital infection due to its multidrug resistance. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of carbapenem resistance in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and detect the presence of carbapenemase enzymes in carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (CRPA) isolates by phenotypic and genotypic methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Double-disk synergy test [DDST] and combined disk synergy test [CDST]) was performed in CRPA isolates and the prevalence ofblaKPC,blaNDM-1,blaIMP,blaVIM,blaSIM,blaSPM,blaGIM, andblaOXA-48 was determined. RESULTS: Of 559 isolates included in the study, a total of 102 isolates were resistant to carbapenem that accounted for overall 18.24% (102/559) prevalence. Of these 102 isolates, 89 (87.25%) isolates were positive by DDST and 95 (93.17%) isolates were positive by CDST. Of 102 CRPA isolates,blaVIM was detected in 30 isolates (30/102, 29.1%), followed byblaNDM-1 in 29 (29/102, 28.4%) isolates andblaSIM andblaGIM in 6 isolates each (6/102, 5.8%). A combination of two carbapenemase genes was detected in 12 isolates, with six (6/102, 5.88%) CRPA isolates harboring with bothblaVIM andblaNDM-1 genes. Four isolates were found to harbor a combination of three carbapenem-resistant genes. CONCLUSION: A high rate of carbapenemase production was observed in P. aeruginosa. Coproducers of multiple carbapenemases are also a cause of concern. An in-depth understanding of molecular mechanisms of resistance will be helpful in optimizing patient management and hospital infection control.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded42    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal